Pre – Introduction to Plumbing Science

Let’s get excited about the art and  science of plumbing.  For water to get to you from the ground, a lot of science and engineering must happen.  Biology and chemistry are important to make water clean and safe to drink.  Physics is important for understanding how water moves around pipes.  Water quality impacts how well soap works and even how water drains.  

Let’s dive into the constant experiment that pipelines of the waterworks of your home. 

So here are 5 science concepts you should know about your plumbing.

Gravity

Gravity is the attraction between two objects.  It’s not intuitive, but you exert a pull on the Earth just as it pulls on you.   Gravity is what makes things have weight on earth.  The weight of water is used in a lot of plumbing.   For instance, gravity powers drains.  The weight of the water pushes causes the water to slide down the drain. 

Density

Density is the mass divided by volume. Higher density means thicker things.  The higher the density, the harder it is for liquids to flow.   Density also affects floating.  Water becomes less dense as it gets hotter till it becomes a gas.  Water is densest at 4 C.  

Pressure

Pressure is one of the most important factors plumbers need to know about.   If water pressure isn’t high enough than water won’t flow through pipes.  If water pressure is too high, then the pipes and containers might explode.  One way pressure is created is through the weight of water.  Looking back at gravity, water wants to move towards the earth.  Toilets make use of this effect.  Toilets are powered by gravity, which is why they work when the electricity is out. 

Chemistry

Plumbers need to know about the chemistry of the water.  Water is composed of 2 atoms of Hydrogen and 1 atom of oxygen.  Water is good at absorbing other things into it.  Soap is less effective in  hard water because it can’t lather as well.  Hard water contains an excess of calcium.  Additionally, hardware causes build up in pipes.  

Corrosion

One of the biggest problems facing plumbing is corrosion.  Pipes go through a constant struggle against rusting. The chemistry of water affects how quickly pipes will rust.  Higher acidity and higher alkalinity lead pipes to corrode.  Additionally, acidic water will corrode lead in plumbing leading to plumbosolvency.  

Closing

So the next time you have to deal with an issue in your plumbing, you will be better prepared to understand the underlying science behind your issue.  You can use this knowledge to troubleshoot and repair your problem. But if you can’t fix it or don’t have time, then contact Master Plumbing and we will fix it for you.  

Let’s Get Started!

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Duane Mayer
Duane Mayer
02:05 14 May 22
I was very impressed with everything about them. Jim Colburn was totally great - knowledgeable, helpful and very friendly. did a great job of disconnecting everything before our kitchen update, and then reconnecting the gas stove and fridge afterward.Highly recommend Jim and the company.
Larisa Bradshaw
Larisa Bradshaw
19:32 13 May 22
time once again for my annual main line cleaning, my line is 250 ft. long and with the annual pressure cleaning i haven't had any more problems. my technician Jon was fast, friendly and was even earlier than scheduled. So happy with all the people at Master Plumbing!
Sherri Jefferson
Sherri Jefferson
00:54 19 Apr 22
We had an emergency and called quite a few businesses. When you have no water and no access to your bathroom it can become a bit urgent and then everyone we called said the earliest they could come was Wednesday and it was Monday! When we called Master Plumbing they were so kind, helpful and went out of their way for us! Phil Conklin arrived to help us and he had rearranged his schedule to get to us earlier! He was so Great and very pleasant! He got right to it, figured out what was wrong, Went and got the part and it was all done in a very short time! Thank you Master Plumbing!
Linda Falter
Linda Falter
18:18 28 Mar 22
Jim was an excellent provider! On time, polite, informative throughout the job. He cared about providing the best possible service installing a new kitchen faucet. He also was very fair on expenses previously not anticipated (cracked valve) and a vent location adjustment. I’ve used other providers in the past as well as Master Plumber. They have consistently excelled in communication, experience and integrity and will now be my single source.
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